It’s Possible To Have The Very Best Of All Possible Worlds Through A 4×4 Double Cab
Article by Petro Solt
For people thinking about buying a motor vehicle, the car marketplace is wider with regards to the sorts of automobiles you can buy than it’s ever been previously. In fact, there seems to be a style of vehicle for sale to match nearly every temperament and motor vehicle criteria you can imagine. You will find sedans and hatchbacks in both the economy class and the luxury class, and four-wheel drives such as the 4×4 double cab that’s so popular nowadays since it will go on-road as well as off, and then there’s the sports car.
The majority of people can think of a sports car they like the appearance of even if they aren’t actually ‘into’ automobiles and moreover might privately enjoy having the chance to drive, although they may not wish to acknowledge the idea. This being said, with regards to realistically purchasing a motor vehicle, most of us choose the sensible as well as the affordable option and purchase an automobile which is appropriate for our requirements. At any rate, large households and two-seater convertibles are not really compatible for a number of reasons.
Nevertheless, merely because the fancy car is neither practical nor budget friendly doesn’t mean that an individual cannot get the very best of both worlds with regards to the vehicle they drive. Car manufacturers are doing a great deal nowadays to try to make automobiles which are functional, look good inside and out and are also fun to drive, which is great because in some countries like South Africa cars are very expensive to buy. Folks residing in a place such as this are normally seeking to get the very best value for their money that they’re able to considering the amount of money they have to shell out.
If you’re looking to buy a vehicle that is great value for money you may want to consider investing in a 4×4 double cab because it has the potential to provide you with the best of all possible worlds. A 4×4 double cab is what one might call a ‘lifestyle vehicle’. It is among the ‘sport utility’ class of vehicle meaning it’s got a framework similar to a light-weight truck hence it can be used as a light utility vehicle as well as for on-road and off-road adventuring applications by virtue of its four-wheel-drive capacity however it nevertheless fits with almost any kind of way of life.
What’s more, lots of attention has been given to comfort in contemporary double cab automobiles making it pleasant to utilize as an ordinary passenger vehicle too, and it is certainly built to accommodate a large family. The 4×4 double cab is a kind of ‘hybrid’ vehicle in the sense that makers have put a lot of work into incorporating luxury features into what is essentially a work-horse with off-road functionality. The same goes for the outside of the 4×4 double cab where significant attention has been put into making it as good-looking as possible. Without a doubt, it is still more rugged-looking than the luxury sedan and won’t ever have the sleek lines of a sports car but in terms of its flexibility as a household, utility and off-road vehicle all rolled up in one, the 4×4 double cab is a clear competitor for folks seeking the best of all possible worlds.
Dacia Duster Offroad test 4×4 SUV 2011 Czech Republic
Take a drive in your own car
Whether it's a strong powerful 4×4 twin cab, or maybe quality CRVs, it's all at Sakura Carz. How about an LPG vehicle either for private or commercial use? Sakura Carz' LPG vehicles can easily help anyone start up their own taxi business. …
4×4 Cars question by BethanF: How do you say 4×4 in French?
As in the 4×4 Cars?
please only answer if you know for sure, cause this is really important
4×4 Cars best answer:
Answer by Erik Van Thienen “4×4″, “4WD”, “AWD”, “4 roues motrices” or “transmission intégrale”.
These days, when I try the old stations, I DepotMaps.com often. However, this station is not on maps or any other warehouse store Web resources that I use. I’ve never had it until today gehört.Erst recently, the Tennessee Department of Tourism launched a new website that provides automatic paths for many of the off-beaten paths hidden treasures. This deposit must be posted on the first way, Old Tennessee Trail settlers had to stop soldiers as part of the train depot # 26.Das Middle Tennessee, acting together 1909-27 Lieper Creek Valley. One of the features I like it when you looked only at the top of the facade that looks like a clock, which measures the woods. Golf looking for the best Center Auto Body Repair
If your car is damaged, that’s what you need is a car body shop, so, again, that its original beauty – from unnecessary expenses. Good reproducibility body automatically stores will definitely return the car with paint outlets and other damaged parts of the vehicle to coordinate effectively with color. They also under repair the car, along with a digital system of the body’s electrical back car.Deciding not replace the defective part of the vehicle in particular, not only for the money, and can also help the environment a good way. This is why you should be the best choice in your professional again
How do you get the recovery expert to understand that the easiest way to build a garage to the car you perform.? Here is your research. You should check out all aspects of a fixed number of local shops, after comparing them to see which store results at best. Of course, the Internet is among the best places to look.
questions you begin your friends, family and colleagues. Reference is an excellent way to identify the body mount you should choose. Even the organization of two cars or even insurance agents are a great resource for your research. However, each time someone tells you that they like to go to a specific store, be sure to ask them exactly why that is. ask you a few questions about this workshop was that they need, just choose which one to go shopping. If your friend says she wants it, that they will be offered the girl to hesitate their tax deductible, there is a source much weaker than is the case where the store lady said she really appreciated the work of the road to select a woman shopping in the car effectively fix your work.You should consider also is the man’s car, the workshop recommended a motor vehicle. This will help to get an idea of the type of function they perform. It is also advisable to check the background of the center of the body to repair the car and find out how long they were in this company. Age of the company will help you understand the quality: In total, the company can stay in business if it works great. Find out if the business will be of course if he has no experience in the local community. Sometimes your insurance provider has an agreement with the body part of the neighborhood shops again. This particular immediate correction will help you decide on the business. However, be sure to check the qualifications and the work of the store to go before you entrust your vehicle to. Decide
Sometimes, you can identify high-quality care, only through the interaction with the organization. Call center to correct body composition and see how they behave – these people were friendly and attractive? Do they have clean offices desirable? “Feel” the center of the body to repair the car hire can help you make your choice.
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Domain Security Call Christmas
During the subsequent enforcement initiative, the 25th of November 30 and will continue in December 2011, officers will combine multiple resources divisions to ensure that our citizens enjoy a safe holiday season free crime. … rental resources jen_jennings_photo question : What documents should I ask for a loan auto
I’m looking into buying a used car for around $ 8 Grand. What documents I need to ask for an auto loan? Resources would be helpful. Thank you! Do I need previous payslips etc? Let me give you a little background. I was 22. This is my second car. My first car was to buy $ 1,600 and I paid cash for it. The car is 93 and he was finally something in the dust. I need another car now and I do not want a piece of shit. I am looking for a car less than 5 years and seemed less than 75,000 miles on the odometer. There is no way I can find something under $ 8000, so I have to go with a loan. I just want an idea what I’m getting my car has resources best answer.
response terrellfastball you do not want a loan. Cash or give up. Interest you can save money to move to your next car.
Rock Shocker: Matchbox Diecast Off Road Race Pick-up
#8 plunges over the hill on the way to the distant finish line.
Go Off-road – The Best Bikes For Adrenaline Junkies
If you have a sense of adventure and love the outdoors, a commuter or road bike may not be for you. There’s a wide variety of bikes out there that are perfect for those seeking that extra bit of fun, or for the more adventurous, bikes that are ideal for tricks and stunts.
Mountain bikes – get off the beaten track
Mountain bikes, as the name suggests, are designed for rugged terrain. They are perfect for those who enjoy riding off-road in the country. They have wide tyres and extra tread to give better traction on dirt trails, and also have great shock absorption for bumps along the way.
There are two different types of mountain bike:
Hard tail mountain bikes
*Have suspension at the front end of the bike
*Extra control over rough terrain
*Stiff frame making it easier to control and pedal
Full suspension mountain bikes
*Have suspension at the front and back
*Perfect for downhill riding or rocky terrain
*Absorb more impact to take the strain off arms and legs
*Ideally suited for more extreme riding
There are mountain bikes to suit all shapes, ages and sizes, so they can be fun for all the family.
BMX bikes – the ultimate for tricks and stunts
For thrill seekers, BMX bikes offer the ultimate experience. They are great for practicing tricks or just looking cool on the street.
The two main types of BMX bike include:
BMX Racing Bikes
*Designed for racing on tough terrain like sand or hills
*Lighter, built for speed and more responsive
BMX Freestyle Bikes
*Built for tricks and stunts on ramps, flat ground or obstacles
*Often made of high-tensile steel for strength
*Can have extra features such as stunt pegs
BMX bikes can be ridden from the age of eight upwards and come in a range of designs.
Be safe not sorry
Safety is paramount when riding off-road and practicing stunts. Make sure your bike is built properly so you can really put it through its paces – some retailers will build it for you for extra peace of mind. The best stores will also offer excellent after sales service, such as checking your bike after a few weeks to ensure it’s performing at its best.
It’s also worth investing in some safety gear such as helmets and gloves, sold by most bike retailers. Whether it’s ramps or mountains you’ll be taking on, having the right bike and kit will ensure you can enjoy some action-packed adventures.
Ballan to lead BMC at Tour Down Under
Off Road Racing
Roe said he was excited to be in the BMC Racing Team's seven man line up. "It's not only my home race, but I train on many of the same roads in the race and it's always fun to ride in front of big crowds," Roe said. "They really get behind the race and …
Off Road Racing question by 805: do Remote Control Nitro Gas Powered Off-Road ACME Racing Monster Truck 4WD 1/10 use regular gas?
Remote Control Siliver Nitro Gas Powered Off-Road ACME Racing Monster Truck 4WD 1/10 Scale UPGRADED 18 CXP ENGINE!
Off Road Racing best answer:
Answer by cat No they use Nitro Methane like a Top Fuel dragster. (just a heck of a lot less of it)
How to buy the best road bike wheels for the best price
When you are riding up a 8% grade hill and complaining on how heavy your bike is you probably need new wheels. Frames are harder to buy because you have to go into a lot of detail about stiffness or the geometry of the bike. With wheels that is different. All it comes down to is weight and price. There are less factors to come upon when buying wheels. You could go into a lot of detail about hubs and tires but it is pretty straight forward. The only differences are if you want a carbon or aluminum rim or if you want a clincher or tubluar. If you are a racer I say get the carbon tubular. This allows you to save the most weight and get the least amount of rolling resistance. Below I will include a list of wheels for different price ranges.
300-500= Fulcrum entry level race 7&5 wheels. I dont suggest these because they are heavy and I have had bad experiences with this type of wheel.
500-1000= Fulcrum racing 3 &1. These wheels are on the higher end of fulcrum.
1000-2000= Zipp flashpoint wheels. These wheels are good carbon wheels but they use a bit cheaper carbon on these wheels rather than any other zipp wheel.
2000-3000= Zipp, Reynolds, Hed. These wheels are the best of the best I have a different model for each of these types of wheels. Zipp are by far better. They use the best molding and they have lived through every crash I have been through. All three of these wheels are by far the best and if you are looking to invest money in these wheels I suggest you put your money in these.
2010 Xtreme Outlaws – Off-Road Racing + SuperMoto Racing + Freestyle Motorcross
Born to race, Dan Wheldon found happiness in town's slower pace
Off Road Racing
Not quite five years later, Wheldon came to the states, still 20, to take his chance with St. Pete race team owners Jon and Brad Baytos. He lived in an apartment off Gandy Boulevard. He raced on the feeder circuits that lead to the top Indy class. …
Off Road Racing question by Eric: what is the best racing flat for road races during the off season after cross country?
I’m transitioning from cross country season to winter track season and I’m running road races to keep my speed up. I usually run in asics but when racing I prefer the lighter make of nike. Any suggestions?
Off Road Racing best answer:
Answer by Leon T I’ve been using some Brook’s racing flats. They’re really light and comfortable and so far my favorite pair of flats.
selection of the best jeep for roading it is not easy as you think. Jeep there was a strong and durable as the vehicle rolled over on line 21 September 1940. Within the family Jeep has a great selection of sports cars.
choose there are many forms of activities your Jeep, not a paved road. Riding in the mud, there is water, sand, gravel or snow is a popular pastime for many, including rock crawling. This sport requires a change of the vehicle for greater distances. Challenges riders load mud muddy fields as possible, plow, a friend without him. Dune breaking requires you to hit the sand with your vehicle. These are just some of the activities you can do with a Jeep. CJ-7, Jeep citizens, all-wheel option known her drive automatic transmission allows novice Off-Road known exploits to easily navigate uneven terrain. Although Laredo and Renegade models were chrome packages they were perfect the way-off, as well as entertainment in the city. CJ-7 is known and loved by a mud race. great jeep fun and dirty, JK, YJ and TJ Wrangler is also known. This brought the Jeep SUV 4×4 style always liked the two World War II used. Released in the late 80s, Wrangler was repeatedly re-fashioned by 2007. As models of CJ Wrangler uses a live axle system, a common step in the four-wheel traction and better performance. next Jeep model soil in 2003 was affected by Wrangler Rubicon 4×4 permitted. This jeep was OK cm ground and provides a four 44-degree approach angle and departure angle of 40 degrees. Simply put, you can overcome great obstacles in. Sporting V6 Rubicon is sold at a price much lower than most utility vehicles sport. Rubicon Built specifically with the freezing-off head. Options included in this package are the front and rear axles Dana 44 transfer case with low range and 31-inch tires. Unlike most sports cars, SUVs, jeeps, easy to adjust or lift off Jinx-time high. Adding safety roll bar open space for the larger tires and the traction of a jeep body lean, short wheelbase a small frame make it ideal for anyone who wants to get in the mud. Another feature that comes standard with a Jeep, he Removable doors top, which is a key selling point for off-road enthusiasts. How to choose the best for your Jeep Off-Road requirements? Just make sure the vehicle has a jeep to do with him. without any change to your Jeep prepared, hardest, dirtiest area and the longest you can throw it a hit. If you hit the dunes in the hometown or my Baja 500 Jeep get you where you should be. The only question, if you drove well enough to do it over the hill.
Racing Off Road Mud Bog # 1 6-20-10
Off – Road Drive Review (PC)
Off Road Racing
So much is Drive Off-Road simulates that it’s actually quite amazing. Off-Road Drive is not just another racing game with dirt painted on the asphalt, it’s true the – Road Race game. Before you go through the landscapes of Malaysia, Africa, … Off Road racing question, they call me chips salad : How can I start my road racing? It also has a age limit?
. I live in California Dallas, not in such a way that makes it even more difficult to Off Road Racing Best answer:
Reply by Jim h TORC race series is one way …… They wanted to Texas Motor Speedway. For their WEBSIRE and see the rules. COME TO Crandon !!!!!
The Best Rolling, Tilting, And Racing Games on The Ipad
The implementation of the accelerometer and its inclusion in the mechanics of various games is nothing new anymore, especially with the iPhone and the iPod Touch already having a large library of tilt games. However, with the launching of the iPad, the idea of utilizing the accelerometer with the considerably larger real estate garnered lots of interest from both fans and developers. With the iPad’s larger, but sexier, size, the App Store is sure to produce more innovative tilt games down the road. In the meantime, here are the best accelerometer or tilt games that come highly recommended for the iPad.
Best Accelerometer or Tilt Games for iPad #1: Real Racing HD
Slide To Play: 4/4
Pocket Gamer: 8/10
Where the iPad scores big in tilt games is racing. And it should be no surprise that two of the games on this list are from that genre. The iPad’s size combined with the accelerometer is just plain perfect for racing games. You have a bigger iPad, which translates to a more comfortable grip, and a closer feeling to actual driving. It’s basically tilt to steer, and it’s one of the most unique and fun experiences to have with an iPad. As far as the actual game goes, content-wise, this is no upgrade over the iPhone version (the basis for the less-than-perfect ratings). Presentation and controls-wise, it is a huge upgrade. Steering is now even more precise and the visuals are among the best currently in the App Store. In a nut shell, Real Racing HD is a classic sim racer that could be referred to as the iPad’s Gran Turismo.
Best Accelerometer or Tilt Games for iPad #2: Super Monkey Ball 2 for iPad
The APPera: 9.5/10
Pocket Gamer: 6/10
As soon as it was made know that the accelerometer would be implemented in the iPod Touch, rolling games such as the popular Super Monkey Ball were among the first games in the market. This is actually a semi-port from the GameCube, and though, rolling games such as this are relatively easier to finish with directional buttons or an analog stick, the experience feels more genuine when you tilt the iPad.
Best Accelerometer or Tilt Games for iPad #3: Need for Speed: Shift for iPad
Slide To Play: 4/4
If you find Real Racing HD too serious or too sim for your taste, then NFS: Shift is the game for you. Just like Real Racing HD, your car steers smoothly with your tilt, particularly because of the iPad’s larger size. Drifting is now less difficult and more fun to accomplish in the iPad. This time, for those sharp turns, your body now moves in sync with your every tilt. It’s such a rush when you’re this close to a physical experience to high speed driving as this game delivers. The NFS franchise, unless you’ve totally been living under a rock all these years, is among the best street racers in the market. And if you need that one game to actually showcase your iPad especially its accelerometer capabilities, then this is probably it.
Best Accelerometer or Tilt Games for iPad #4: Labyrinth 2 HD
Pocket Gamer: 8/10
Slide To Play: 4/4
This is the traditional tilt game. When the idea on utilizing the accelerometer for games first came into play, this kind of tilt game was certainly what several people had in mind. It’s fairly basic and doesn’t offer any “wow” factor in terms of accelerometer gameplay, but is certainly a no-brainer when tilt games come to mind. If you once played the classic labyrinth game on a wooden square box, the accelerometer does exactly that for the iPad.
Best Accelerometer or Tilt Games for iPad #5: Little Metal Ball HD
You could sum this up as a combination of Labyrinth and Super Monkey Ball. You control a metal ball in a top view game like Labyrinth, but you also have a sort of an adventure feel to it and banana-collecting element similar to Super Monkey Ball. Aside from the standard tilt gameplay, unique to this game is the ability to have the metal ball jump, on certain occasions even “break” your iPad’s screen.Those are pretty much the five best accelerometer or tilt games currently in the App Store for the iPad. Give at least one or two of these games a try. Play it at a public place, tilt that iPad like a madman, and you’re sure to get a lot of attention. Don’t worry, they’re not making fun of you. They’re just plain jealous. In the end, who cares? Have fun and push that accelerometer to the limit!
INSIGHT: HPD, from Fit to Franchitti
Off Road Racing
Others included a 2012 SCCA Pro Racing World Challenge Civic Si Coupe, a B-Spec Honda Fit Sport, A Piper Formula F chassis fitted with HPD's engine and, as a bonus, a Honda Pilot desert off-road racer. “This grouping is significant because they're all …
Off Road Racing question by : Does Robby Gordon just use his NASCAR winnings to fund his off road racing or is he serious about NASCAR?
Off Road Racing best answer:
Answer by evan Robby likes his off road racing and lets face it nascar does not take Robby serious
Joining eighties craze ordinary cars look like race cars. Dealer installed my set pieces Zubehörteile.Weitere J add cars, eighties GM car in the world.
Finding the best Jeep Wrangler Accessories easy
Many television reality shows appeal to the public, especially those extensive renovations to offer accommodations. Big disadvantage is, however, not all car or house fortunate enough to be a burden on those facelifts. While others sit before their television sets envy of big new houses new large SUV entertainment systems, you know you always go and find ways to improve your living room or a car, too?
giving your kitchen or your car a new look not often be just a dream. All it takes is a perfect blend of sophistication, creativity, along with a bit more sophisticated function. Here are some basic ideas about the ways they do this:
1 Analysis – inspire all pictures from magazines or blogs to come. Many life magazines and Web sites also present ideas and themes you can try to achieve. Digested most of the cars magazines, columnists and contributors provide much feedback. You can not only discover, suggestions and advice, but also lists offers tips for your group where the target and accessories.
Browse secondary importance – after registering businesses that provide the property or furniture, car accessories you want, its time on the shelves and boost search for the best. This skill takes time and patience, as you should go for the best top quality cost-effective value. The trick is, usually not because of what a brand new search. In reality, very little pearls scrap garage sales are those who want to discover the new residence vehicle rolls. Antique glass, decorative frames, classic furniture and some other good new residential discover your living room at low prices! If you have some time, though, you can still often go for online purchases. They not only convenient and fast, but online stores can provide some unique one-piece, hard to find parts – from the Boston Tea Tables Jeep Wrangler Accessories Jeep Cherokee seats – which can certainly add a little glam in your living room, or daring to journey . 3 re-create – component can know exactly where you want to get your creativity to pour them out your action. Decide what your subject into yourself, or choose the best color to cover the seat for jeep ahead of time to consider to facilitate the program. Shortly before Mr. or Mrs. Makeover on sat, do not forget to put your most comfortable clothes to work, do not be afraid to get dirty! Also, take this opportunity to demand the support of the spouse, or your daughter living room, kitchen, jeeps or GTO inverter and do it together! Bids
Plymouth Cuda Video
Revisiting Peak Camp : AutoZone
Automotive retail selling Parts & Accessories . The company’s stores offer various products for cars, SUVs, vans and light trucks … The company also offers commercial sales program that provides the delivery … Auto Accessories Question s2kowner : What is a good car accessory distributor
I opened a shop that sells all kinds of car accessories and I wonder if by any car dealer and accessories wholesale good to know ?……. Website and phone number please. The best answer should car accessories Georgia :
Reply Gracee I found a great blog with information about sites, the car accessories .. http://www.automarketmania.com/ … Check it out! Hope this helps:)
Probably the Jeep frame with Volvo head body. fucked Best Luxury 4×4 Land Rover
Land Rover, a British maker has all the latest model of discovery, the discovery since 2009, produces 4. UK luxury SUV, Land Rover factory in Solihull. This seven-seat SUV Gate 5 of these fantastic features are subject to road touch of luxury. Discovery of four 3-liter engine is equipped with highly efficient diesel. 0 liter TDV6, the last was a new outdoor fresh face with the emergence of the modern outside. There are also some of the latest technologies such as integrated land dynamic response of the two leaders, offers as a road-off. Since its introduction in the discovery of four has won numerous awards, and is expected to be one of the most decorated SUV will be. Recently, the “best luxury 4 x 4″ car buyers the first prize. “Jury awards ass mpg of any car buyer’s models, satisfaction, performance, safety and cost and reliability. Editor in chief of the buyers of automatic identification of said,” Our jury of Land Rover on his ability, hand blown into the air doing something. “Discovery of four ranges from the fields of mud in his elegant hotel travel and everything else.” Her huge, seven-seat cabin large boat almost every table Dune “diesel engine”. The award was director, Land Rover into the Hall of the Geneva Motor Show in 2011, Gerry McGovern, director of building and John Edwards Dr. Ralph world Speth, administrator of the board of Jaguar, Land Rover. Disclosure of dealers Conway 4 is on sale Land Rover Discovery, Price from £ 36,745.
Awards “Luxury Best 4 x 4″ buyers first car. a jury of buyer mpg ass car awards of all models, satisfaction, performance, safety and cost and reliability. editor of buying a car said the discovery “Our jury of Land Rover on his ability, his hand snapped to do something.” discovery of four ranges from the fields of sludge in an elegant hotel and the other passengers. his big boat, a rugged diesel engines Disclosure of four ranges from the fields of sludge elegant and all the passengers others. his big boat, a rugged diesel engines
had changed 4×4
Rahul question 4×4 Cars : What’s the difference between rear wheel drive cars and front wheel drive
Can someone please explain in detail the difference between rear wheel drive cars in front wheel drive cars and 4×4 vehicles. Also, can you explain the benefits of 3 types of cars. Thank many 4×4 cars best answer:
comment biggsinbrasil front drive: is the cheapest and easiest. Two front wheels move the Auto.Heckantrieb: Two power the rear wheels of the car. Good “drift”. A bad case of bad weather. Weighs more than four-wheel drive. It is considered the layout for each Drive/4×4 wheel “driving enthusiast.”: All four wheels power the car. Liver. Hurts gas mileage. Good snow, rain, bad weather.
Car production in Britain is put on hold as most factories go over to munitions production.
The German Luftwaffe destroys the centre of Coventry.
Oldsmobile and Cadillac offer the first fully automatic transmission.
Enzo Ferrari leaves Alfa Romeo to establish Auto-Avio Costruzioni Ferrari.
In Japan, Toyo Kogyo produces its first passenger car.
Lord Austin dies aged 74
Louis Chevrolet dies aged 63. He is buried at Indianapolis, scene of his greatest racing victories.
Packard are the first car manufacturer to offer air conditioning.
Chrysler introduces the Fluid Drive transmission, a manual transmission with a fluid coupling instead of a clutch.
American passenger car production falls to just 139 vehicles as war production requirements take over.
Volvo focus on occupant safety with the introduction of a safety cage.
Louis Renault is arrested and imprisoned for collaborating with the Germans. He dies at Fresnes prison in ‘suspicious circumstances’.
Enzo Ferrari’s Maranello workshops are bombed and destroyed.
2nd World War in Europe ends with Germany’s unconditional surrender to the allies on May 7th.
In receivership since 1939, Triumph is acquired by Standard.
Petrol rationing in Britain continues.
Henry Ford resigns as president of The Ford Motor Company, handing over to his grandson, Henry Ford 11.
French President Charles de Gaulle nationalizes Renault and the company’s name is changed to Regié Nationale des Usines Renault.
The newly elected Socialist government ‘encourages’ manufacturers to export half their output. To counteract the consequential development of an illicit black-market car buyers are required to sign a covenant preventing the sale of new cars for one year.
Newly designed post-war models are launched by British car makers Triumph, Armstrong-Siddeley, Jowett and Bentley as the British Motor Industry celebrates its fiftieth birthday.
Petrol ration for British motorists is increased by 50 per cent.
Ford of Britain produce their millionth car, an 8hp Anglia.
Michelin patent the Radial-ply tyre.
In light of negative wartime connotations William Lyons changes the name of SS Cars Ltd. to Jaguar Cars Ltd and begins to focus on export markets.
Enzo Ferrari rebuilds his bombed workshops and begins work on the development and production of the Ferrari 125 Sport. The first Ferrari hits the road!
Packard offers power seats and windows across their range.
Ettore Bugatti dies in Paris aged 66.
The American car industry celebrates its Golden Jubilee.
Henry Ford dies at the age of 84.
BMW engine and car designs are ‘acquired’ by Bristol and Frazer-Nash as ‘war reparations’.
David Brown, already successful in the British engineering industry, sees an advertisement in The Times offering ‘A high-class motor business, established 25 years’ and pays £20.000 to buy Aston Martin. He has already purchased Lagonda, having owned a Lagonda Rapide himself in the past.
A new name, Standard-Vanguard, is introduced to the British public
Instead of taxing cars based on the 1906 RAC horsepower formula a flat- rate system is introduced.
Enzo Ferrari’s 125 Sport wins its first race. The first of many Ferrari victories.
The first motor show since the end of the war takes place at Earls Court.
Morris introduce the Minor family car, designed by Alec Issigonis.
Jaguar Cars Ltd. announces the XK120 sports car featuring low, streamlined body, an outstanding twin overhead cam 6 cylinder engine and a top speed of 120mph. Alongside it the elegant MK 5 saloon (sedan) replaces the pre-war model known by enthusiasts, though not the company, as the MK 4.
Citoen introduce the 2CV, reputedly designed to accommodate gentlemen still wearing their hats and to drive across a ploughed field without breaking a cargo of eggs!
The American motor industry builds its 100,000,000th car.
Ferdinand Porsche launches the Porsche marque by introducing the 356/2 as a no-frills sports car re-working of his war-time Volkswagen project.
Developed along the well proven lines of the Willys Jeep, Rover introduce the 4 wheel drive Land Rover.
Buick offer the Dynaflow fully automatic gearbox. This is essentially the automatic gearbox as we know it today,
Michelin ‘X’ radial-ply tyres go on sale for the first time.
British government ends petrol rationing but doubles fuel tax.
The new car covenant, introduced to prevent a black market in new cars is extended from one to two years ownership.
The UK’s former double purchase tax on luxury cars is halved.
Ford wins back its second place in the US sales league from Chrysler.
Automatic transmission becomes available on lower priced Chevrolet models.
Goodyear offers self-repairing tyres (tires).
60% of American families now own a car.
6,657,000 cars are sold in the USA.
Rover demonstrates the JET 1 the world’s first gas turbine powered car.
Ford engineer Earle S MacPherson designs the MacPherson Strut, a combination of spring, shock absorber and stub-axle which simplifies design and production and reduces costs.
Ford UK introduces Consul and Zephyr models.
In the USA, automatic gearboxes become more readily available – Chevrolet offer the Powerglide, Ford the Fordomatic and Merc-O-Matic.
Nash feature seatbelts in the Rambler. The promoted benefits are that they ‘overcome the problems caused when sleeping passengers fall out of their seats’!
Porsche enters a 356 SL in the Le Mans 24-Hours and wins the 1100cc class·
Ferdinand Porsche dies aged 75.
Lotus Engineering Co founded by aeronautical engineer and competitive sports car driver Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman.
100mph performance becomes available at realistic prices as Triumph announces the TR and the Healey introduces their 100/4 sports cars.
Chrysler offer power steering and the M-6 Torque-Converter Automatic. They also spark a horsepower race with the 180 horsepower, 331 cubic-inch Firepower Hemi V-8 engine.
Kaiser introduces new safety features, a pop-out windshield and a padded dashboard top.
Jaguar introduces the prototype C-Type race-car, aimed at winning Le Mans.
In the USA, sales of cars with automatic transmissions exceed 2 million.
Crosley ceases production.
Rival manufacturers Nuffield organisation (Morris) and Austin comes to an end with their amalgamation into the British Motor Corporation (BMC) with Lord Nuffield in the driving seat.
Mercedes shows the spectacular 300SL ‘gull wing’ sports coupe.
Packard offer power brakes.
The newly developed disk braking system, now available from Dunlop, is fitted to Jaguar’s C Types, enabling them to achieve 1st, 2nd and 4th places at Le Mans.
As wartime austerity begins to fade in the United Kingdom, the availability of higher octane fuels allows higher compression ratios and improvements in engine performance.
Singer announces the SMX Roadster, Britain’s first plastic-bodied production car. Only 12 are made before the project is abandoned.
Britain’s New Car Covenant Purchase Scheme, originally introduced to prevent new cars being sold-on at a premium, is abolished.
General Motors Launch the Corvette, a radical glass-fibre-bodied roadster concept car featuring a wrap-around windshield and powered by a venerable straight six engine. Production is limited.
Porsche introduces the 550 ‘Spyder’ race-car with a triangulated tubular steel chassis, aluminium bodywork and a VW-based 4 cylinder ‘boxer’ engins. 550 Spyders dominate the 1500cc class at Le Mans and then the same class in the Pan Americana, Mexican road race.
The 50 millionth General Motors car rolls off the production line.
All Buick, Oldsmobile and Cadillac models feature wrap-around Panoramic windshields.
Ford introduces overhead valves on its V8 engines in Ford and Mercury models.
Nash merges with Hudson to form the American Motors Corporation.
Studebaker merges with Packard.
GM reveals the 370 horsepower turbine-powered Firebird I concept car.
The two seat Ford Thunderbird roadster is announced.
Lanchester offer the Sprite with automatic transmission, still a rarity in Europe.
Having re-established production of the ‘Beetle’ with much help from British Army personnel, Volkswagen start to focus on generating export sales.
Tubeless tyres (tires) are now offered on all new American cars.
Jaguar Cars replace the XK120 with the XK 140, featuring a 190 horsepower engine, mechanical refinements and chrome trim. The new Jaguar D Type race-car is introduced at Le Mans without success.
The revolutionary Citroen DS19 is introduced with a futuristic aerodynamic body, self-levelling hydropneumatic suspension, power steering and braking and automatic jacks.
McDonald’s opens its first drive-thru hamburger bar.
Chrysler launches ‘Imperial’ as a separates brand.
Kaiser goes out of business.
American car sales hit a record 7,915,000. Jaguar launch the MK 1 Family sports saloon (sedan) to broaden their market appeal. They also win at Le Mans with a much improved D-type.
Fuel supplies are seriously limited by the Suez crisis, resulting in rationing in Britain and other European countries and an upsurge of interest in economical micro-cars for personal transportation.
U.S. car stylists begin to adopt tail fins and rocket-shaped tail lamps as science fiction and space rockets enter the American consciousness.
The Ford Foundation offers over ten million Ford Motor Company shares for sale to the public.
BMC commissions Pininfarina to styles its new models.
Lanchester comes to the end of the road as Daimler discontinues production.
Ford of America offers seat belts to a disinterested public.
The "McKenna Duties" on luxury imports are finally abolished.
Jaguar D Type wins the Le Mans 24 Hours for a second successive year.
The Porsche 550A Spyder, a modified version of its predecessor, wins the Targa Florio road race on its debut, beating much more powerful competitors. It goes on to ‘wipe the floor’ at virtually every appearance.
The Lotus Elite (Type 14) is announced, featuring a revolutionary glassfibre monocoque construction.
Ford Motor Company introduces the Continental Mark II, priced at almost ,000.
The three millionth Mercury comes off Ford’s production line.
Packard and Chrysler offer pushbutton automatic transmissions.
Packard offers power door locks.
Chrysler offers an in-car record player.
80% of all new cars sold in America have a V-8 engine.
The American Congress approves construction of the 41,000 mile Interstate highway system.
The Nash and Hudson marques are discontinued by parent company AMC.
A new Fiat 500 is introduced featuring a rear-mounted vertical twin-cylinder air cooled engine.
Chrysler produce their ten millionth Plymouth.
The new Ford Skyliner features a retractable hardtop, a ‘first’ for a production car.
Ford introduces the Ranchero pickup.
Chevrolet, Pontiac and Rambler adopt fuel injection.
66% of all cars purchased in the USA are bought on extended finance.
Jaguar introduce the XK 150 and a D Type wins the Le Mans 24 Hours for a third successive year.
Work starts on the Ml ‘London to Birmingham’ Motorway, the UK’s first.
Roads around London are governed by a new 40mph speed limit.
To celebrate the fiftieth birthday of the Model T, Ford re-assembles a 1909 example.
Ford produce their fifty millionth car.
The revolutionary glassfibre Lotus Elite (Type 14) enters production. With all-round independent suspension and a 1,216 cc overhead cam Coventry Climax engine it has spectacular handling and is capable of 118mph! In spite of its success as a racecar Lotus will loose money on every one built.
With controversial styling and sophisticated features, the Ford Edsel is launched to a luke-warm reception.
Chrysler builds its twenty five millionth vehicle.
Packard production comes to an end.
The Austin-Healy ‘Frogeye’ Sprite is introduced.
The new chairman of BMC is Sir Leonard Lord.
A record one million cars are produced in Britain.
Toyotas and Datsuns are imported to the United States for the first time.
The Ford Thunderbird becomes a four-seater ‘personal luxury’ car.
American car sales drop by 31% due to an economic recession.
C F Kettering, inventor of the electric starter and Ethyl-Leaded Gasoline dies aged 82.
Porsche introduce the "RSK" Spyder, or Type 718 which continues to win class and outright honours in the hands of such drivers as Dan Gurney, Wolfgang von Trips and Jo Bonnier.
A fascination with the impending space-age inspires Cadillac to begin giving its new models fins and rocket-shaped taillights.
UK Government reduces Purchase Tax on new cars from 60 to 50 per cent.
Triumph introduce the Michelotti styled Herald, featuring all round independent suspension.
Lea Francis go out of business.
NSU announce that they will build Wankel rotary engined cars.
Dutch manufacturer DAF begins car production, using the Variomatic belt-drive automatic transmission.
The M1, Britain’s first motorway is opened by The Right Honourable Ernest Marples, minister of Transport.
British Motor Corporation introduces the Morris Mini-Minor and Austin Se7en variants, built on separate production lines at Cowley, Oxford and Longbridge, Birmingam to a revolutionary compact design by Alec Issigonis. Whichever brand of ‘Mini’, it features a rubber-cone suspension system and a gearbox built into the engine, beneath the crankshaft. Perhaps the Mini’s most significant contribution to the packaging efficiency of modern front-wheel-drive cars is its transversely mounted engine.
Jaguar launches the MK II family sports saloon (sedan) to great acclaim.
The Ford Anglia arrives. It is a small family car with conventional mechanical layout. Its unusual feature is a reverse-slope rear window, which ensures good headroom for rear-seat passengers.
Studebaker introduces the Lark, a compact car intended to compete with European imports.
An Aston-Martin DBR 1, driven by Caroll Shelby and Roy Salvadori wins the Le Mans 24 hours.
Eighty percent of United Stated families own at least one car.
The UK Daimler Company becomes part of Jaguar Cars.
The Japanese car industry manufactures 200,000 cars.
The Ford Anglia l05E is introduced with a four speed gearbox and a raked back rear window.
OPEC (The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) is formed to give the oil producing countries more power over crude oil prices.
The millionth Morris Minor leaves the production line, one of a series of 350 painted in a celebratory shade of lilac with white leather upholstery.
Jaguar Cars Limited buys Daimler and begins to offer ‘badge engineered’ Jaguars.
The Cortina Mk I is introduced by Ford of Britain.
BMC introduce the Morris I IOO featuring a revolutionary ‘Hydrolastic’ suspension system.
The ‘MOT’ test is introduced by Ernest Marples, requiring that all cars over 10 years old are subjected to an annual test.
BMC chief, Sir Leonard Lord becomes Lord Lambury.
Commercial vehicle producers Leyland Motors acquire Standard Triumph and AEC.
Porsche introduce the W-RS Spyder race-car with its well-proven flat four power unit.
Chevrolet introduce the Nova, a compact car with plain styling and 4 or 6 cylinder engines, designed to offer economical family motoring.
Ford UK introduces the Consul Cortina, an attractive medium-sized family saloon, powered by an 1198cc OHV engine. (The ‘Consul’ is dropped very quickly). Though launched as a two-door, a four-door body becomes available within a few months.
The W-RS Spyder, now powered by a 2.0-litre flat-eight engine, continues to build Porsche’s racing prowess by winning everything in sight.
The Leyland Motor Corporation formed under the chairmanship of Sir Henry Spurrier.
Ford’s Cortina DeLuxe is now available with a 1498cc engine and also as high-performance Lotus model featuring a twin-cam engine and major suspension modifications.
Lord Nuffield dies aged 86.
The Hillman Imp is unveiled to compete with the BMC Mini. It features a light-alloy 4 cylinder, 875cc slant-4 engine, originally developed by Coventry Climax to power fire pumps. Manufactured at Linwood, a new Scottish production plant, this is the first car since the 1931 Arrol Johnston, to be made in Scotland.
NSU announce the Spyder their first car to use a Wankel engine.
Rover introduces the 2000 P6 saloon which wins them the European Car of the Year Award.
In Italy Feruccio Lamborghini Automobili founded in Sant’Agata near Bologna. The debut of the prototype 350 GTV takes place at the Turin Motor Show.
Porsche’s W-RS Spyder continues its winning ways at Le Mans and the Nurburgring.
Triumph launches the 2000 family saloon.
The Ford Mustang is ‘released’ to great acclaim and achieves sales of more than 500,000 in its firs 18 months.
Following many years of crippling strikes at its British Light Steel Pressings Ltd factory, the Rootes Group sells a controlling interest to Chrysler.
Despite continuing disinterest, front seat belts supplied as standard in all American cars.
Having resigned his position after just 4 months in charge of The Leyland Motor Corporation Sir Henry Spurrier dies.
Porsche’s W-RS Spyder wins further season championships in the hands of Edgar Barth, before final retirement.
BMC’s intended merger with the Pressed Steel Company is subjected to a report by the Monopolies Commission.
The British government introduces a 70 mph maximum speed "as a four month experiment" which is still with us today.
An automatic transmission, specially designed by AP is available to Mini buyers.
Rolls Royce’s launch Silver Shadow its first unit constructed car.
Ralph Nader publishes his book ‘Unsafe at Any Speed’ exposing safety standards severely compromised by USA manufacturers’ cost constraints. The rear-engined Chevrolet Corvair receives Nader’s particular attention.
Jensen FF sports coupe is launched, featuring Fergusson’s four wheel drive system, Italian styling, a powerful V8 engine and anti-lock brakes.
British Motor Holdings is created by merging The Jaguar Group (Jaguar, Daimler, Guy, Coventry Climax, Henry Meadows) with BMC.
Ford UK update the Cortina with smoother, but boxier styling.
Largely as a result of Ralph Nader’s expose of the American Motor industry the U.S. Congress passes a rigorous auto safety act. Rear seat belts now supplied as standard equipment in all cars sold in the USA.
Peugeot and Renault agree to establish a partnership organisation, La Francaise de Mecanique, to manufacture common mechanical parts.
Sir William Lyons retires as the Managing Director, becoming Chairman and Chief Executive as Jaguar Cars Limited and the British Motor Corporation Limited announce the merger of the two companies.
Panhard, France’s oldest car maker is disolved by its owners Citroen.
NSU produce the first series production passenger car to be powered by a Wankel engine, the Ro80.
Rover and Alvis are absorbed into the Leyland Motor Corporation.
Ford UK introduce the crossflow engine to their product range in 1300cc and 1600cc capacities.
Ford UK and Ford of Europe start to co ordinate development and production programmes to increase commonality of design and component use.
Ford introduces the Escort range, including a high performance ‘twin-cam’ engined version.
The largest car company in British history is formed as British Motor Holdings merges with Leyland Motors to create British Leyland Motor Corporation.
Rover offers the Buick-based V8 in the P6 body-shell to create the 3005, later re-named the 3500.
As bitter strikes cripple industry Renault lose production of I000,000 vehicles.
Volkswagen introduces the 411 or ‘Variant’. Based on an extended ‘Beetle’ floor-pan it features a contemporary body-style and 2 or 4 doors. An estate (station wagon) version is also available.
Citroen buys Maserati, primarily, to take advantage of its engine know-how. Their forthcoming SM coupé will be powered by a Maserati V6 engine.
David Brown is knighted.
Volkswagcn take over Audi.
Jaguar launches the XJ6.
The new British Leyland organisation introduces the Austin Maxi. Sir Alex Issigonis’s last project, in spite of its outstanding practicality, its boxy styling, sparse interior, lack of power and ‘notchy’ five-speed gearbox attracts criticism.
Renault and Peugeot start production of common components as a result of their 1966 agreement, at Douvrin, near Lens in Northern France.
Enzo Ferrari sells 50% of Ferrari’s share capital to Fiat.
Land Rover launches an entirely new concept. The Range Rover is a luxury off-road car and, as an immediate sales success it points the way for rivals, laying the foundation for a whole new market sector.
Citroen launches two new aerodynamic models, the GS family car and the Masserati-powered SM sports saloon.
Italian styling house Ghia of Turin is acquired from Alessandro de Tomaso by Ford.
Mercedes build the C III experimental car to act as a test-bed for future road-car developments. Featuring dramatic aerodynamic styling and powered by a triple rotor Wankel engine developing 280bhp, it achieved a top speed of 160mph.
Japan’s monthly production output of 200,000 cars, makes it the world’s second biggest motor manufacturer.
Volkswagen reveals the K70, their first water cooled model.
Kjell Qvale, Norwegan born head of the ‘British Motor Car Distributors’ in San Francisco, takes over Jensen Motors.
The Chrysler 160/l80 range is launched at the Paris Salon.
The General Motors’ ‘family’ come together from all parts of the globe, under the leadership of Opel, Germany, to begin a project which will result in a ‘World Car’ to rival the success of the VW beetle. For Opel it will result in the Kadette C, small family car. Internationally it becomes known as GM’s ‘T Car’.
Jensen ceases production of the four-wheel-drive ‘FF’ sports-car, but continues with the two-wheel drive ‘Interceptor’ version.
Morris Minor production finally comes to an end.
Peugeot and Renault join forces with Volvo to form a new joint-venture organisation. PRV will design and produce V-engines at their Douvrin production plant.
Mercedes preview the C111-2 at the Frankfurt Motor Show. Once again a test-bed vehicle it features a four-rotor Wankel engine rated at 350 bhp which took the car to 180mph.
Aston Martin’s financial performance causes difficulties, prompting the David Brown Group to sell to financiers. The DBS stays in production.
Jaguar reveals their VI2 production engine, making it available in an enlarged E-type as well as XJ6 and Daimler sedans. This makes them one of only a handful of manufacturers who have ever offered this configuration on a production basis.
Maserati introduce the Bora.
A record l,900,000 cars produced by British motor industry in this year.
The success of Japanese cars becomes evident when Datsun becomes the second biggest importer of cars into Britain.
Maserati introduces the Merak.
Lotus Esprit mid-engined concept car shown on Giorgio Giugiario’s Ital Design stand at the Turin Motor Show.
Sir William Lyons retires as chairman of Jaguar, exactly 50 years after forming the company. Labour relations and production quality problems beset the whole British Leyland organisation, of which Daimler-Jaguar is a significant part.
The Arab-Israeli War causes fuel supply problems and steep rises in pump prices for motorists throughout the world and the realisation that oil is a finite resource. The OPEC organisation becomes more powerful. In Britain motorists queue for petrol and speeds are restricted to 50mph to conserve national stocks and consumption.
Ford opens Bordeaux plant to manufacture automatic transmissions.
Volksvagen ‘Beetle’ production beats the Model T’s record.
Chevrolet offers airbags in some models as a reaction to a rise in fatal car accidents in the USA.
Alfa Romeo introduce the Alfasud, a small family car featuring front wheel drive, a flat-four ‘boxer’ engine, nimble handling and a bonded-in windscreen. The car is made in a new purpose built plant near Naples in Southern Italy – ‘sud’ being Italian for South.
The Bertone-styled Maserati Khamsin is launched into a tough sales environment.
The first fruits of the GM ‘T Car’ project appear in Brasil, with the launch of the Chevrolet Chevette and in Germany with the Opel Kadett C. Although superficially different all T Cars share the same mechanical configuration and many significant components.
E. L. Cord dies
Gabriel Voisin, aeronautical pioneer, industrialist and car manufacturer dies.
The last of 11,916,519 VW ‘Beetles’ to be built at Wolfsburg, leaves the production line.
The VW Golf, a completely new water-cooled, front wheel drive model becomes and instant sales success and Karmann start production of the Scirocco sports coupe version. Both cars styled by Georgetto Guigaro.
Peugeot takes over Citroen to form PSA.
Plans for the Chevrolet Vega to be powered by the repeatedly delayed outcome of General Motors’ Wankel rotary engine project are abandoned and production continues with an alloy block/iron head 4 cylinder unit.
As a result of the previous year’s the fuel crisis, American sales of large-engined cars have slumped and manufacturers start to look at ways of improving fuel econonmy.
Ford begins research into the Stirling ‘hot air’ engine but having made considerable progress, as fuel prices drop back the urge to take the project all the way to production diminishes.
In spite of one million 127s leaving their production lines Fiat find themselves in deep financial difficulties.
The last E Type Jaguar leaves the Coventry factory.
The Douvrin-built PRV V6 engine appears for the first time in the Volvo 264 and soon after in the Peugeot 504 Coupé and Cabriolet models.
In an attempt to cut fatalities in the United States the maximum speed limit is reduced to 55 mph.
Production of the Ford Escort MK1comes to an end.
Ford introduce the Escort MK2 with a squarer body style.
In America VW launch the Golf as the Rabbit.
Rolls Royce unveil the Camargue with Italian styling by Pininfarina, hand- built on the Silver Shadow floor pan at their Mulliner Park Ward coach-building division. Priced at £29,250, it is the first car in the world to feature completely automatic split-level air conditioning and the first Rolls Royce to be designed in metric dimensions.
Porsche announce the 911 Carrera Turbo.
Chrysler UK, in financial difficulties is propped up by the British Government. The introduction of the French built Alpine brings in vital sales.
Volvo takes a majority shareholding in Holland’s DAF car and truck manufacturer.
The Douvrin-built PRV V6 is introduced in the Peugeot 604 and Renault 30 TS models.
Citroen replaces the DS21 with the CX which is voted European Car of the Year.
British Leyland, struggling against a tide of strikes and a poor reputation gets an injection of £200,000,000 from the UK Government.
Jaguar launch the XJS to replace the E type. Due to stringent American crash regulations earlier plans to include a roadster in the range have been dropped.
Lotus Cars start production of the new mid-engined Esprit and confirm their move up-market with front-engined Eclat.
All American cars now come with catalytic converters in the exhaust system in an effort to cut air polluting emissions.
Citroën pulls out of Maserati, leaving Alejandro De Tomaso and GEPI to come to the rescue a few months later.
VW introduce the Polo, the third of their ‘new generation’ cars.
The UK gets its own version of the GM T-Car, the Vauxhall Chevette. A unique aerodynamic ‘droop-snoot’ front-end, designed by Vauxhall Chief-Stylist, Wayne Cherry complements the neat hatch-back body tub.
Australia launches its version of the ‘T Car’, the Holden Gemini, in 4-door saloon (sedan) and stylish coupé versions.
The Chrysler Alpine voted European Car of the Year.
The Renault Alpine A310 sports-car is launched with a rear mounted PRV ‘Douvrin’ V6 engine.
Ford’s first front drive car, the Fiesta, announced.
The Golf GTi debuts at the Frankfurt International Motor Show establishing a new market sector later known as the ‘Hot Hatch’.
Rover launch the 3500 ‘SD1’ a roomy saloon with Ferrari Daytona inspired styling and the ex-Buick alloy V8 engine.
VW introduce a small diesel engine to the golf range.
Mercedes reveal the C111-3. Where its two predecessors had been powered by Wankel rotary engines, this one has a 5 cylinder turbo-charged/inter-cooled Diesel engine producing 180 bhp. At Nardo test track on June 12th, at an average speed of around 150mph, the C111-3 either establishes or brake a total of 16 world speed and endurance records, some of which pertained regardless of its engine type.the
Vauxhall’s ‘T Car’ Chevette appears in the UK as a 2 or 4 door saloon (sedan).
Michael Edwardes takes over the helm of the British Leyland conglomerate, together with its labour relations, production quality and public perception .
Volkswagen cease production of the ‘Beetle’ in Germany forty years after production began.
Rover’s 3500 ‘SD1’ wins the European Car of the Year award.
Merger plans between Swedish manufacturers Saab and Volvo are abandoned.
Production of the Wankel rotary engined NSU Ro80 comes to an end.
Porsche introduce 924 and 928 models, both featuring front-mounted water-cooled engines and rear transaxles. The 924 is an aborted VW project and thus contains a high percentage of WV parts-bin components, including the engine from the Transporter van. The V8 powered 928 is eventually intended to take over from the 911 and wins the European Car of The Year Award.
The Volvo DAF conglomerate slips into financial difficulties. The Dutch Government comes to the rescue with financial aid.
British Leyland shows substantial signs of recovery in the hands of Michael Edwardes but the company’s future is far from secure.
Toyo Kogyo launch the Mazda RX7, a two-seat sports coupe powered by a Wankel rotary engine.
Ford introduces the Fiesta, their first front-wheel-drive small family car. It is to be made at plants in England, Spain and Germany.
Rolls Royce Motor Company is sold to Vickers for £38m as part of the Rolls-Royce engineering group.
Rover begins collaboration with Honda.
Maserati Bora production comes to an end.
Simca- Matra complete the first model of new and practical concept in personal transportation. Based on a single-box van-like shape but with a car-like interior and comfortable flexible seating for up to seven people, the P17 concept is rejected by Talbot-Simca, prompting Matra to approach Renault and to develop the concept further in prototype P18. The MPV is on its way!
Rear wheel drive Escort Mk2 production comes to an end to make way for the new front-wheel-drive Escort Mk3.
Bitter strikes at British Leyland provoke chairman Sir Michael Edwardes to threaten "Return to work or lose your jobs."
Daimler-Jaguar division of British Leyland gets John Egan as its new Chairman. Egan sets about rebuilding pride in the quality of design and production, lost since British Leyland’s formation.
General Motors announces the launch of the Saturn project in the USA, with the intention of creating a new brand and new products from scratch.
John Z DeLorean, former General Motors high-flyer, launches the DMC-12, his stainless steel gull-wing dream car into a world of recession and high interest rates. Designed by Georgetto Guigaro, engineered by Lotus Cars and powered by the Douvrin PRV V6 engine it appears over-priced against stiff opposition and quality issues compound the problem.
Maserati launch the Biturbo range of coupes, spyders and saloons powered by twin-turbocharged all-alloy V6 engines.
Honda starts production at its first US factory.
Having built 8,563 DMC-12s, the DeLorean Motor Company’s factory in Northern Ireland goes into receivership and after a few months, the British government, DeLorean’s biggest creditor by far, issues orders to shut it down.
Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman dies suddenly aged 54, having grown Lotus into an extraordinarily successful Grand Prix team, a substantial low-volume sports car production specialist and an extremely reputable auto-engineering consultancy.
Lexus is announced as the name of Toyota’s new luxury brand in the USA and Europe, intended to allow them to overcome brand prejudice and compete head to head with the prestige European and American manufacturers.
Maserati end production of the Merak
Japanese manufacturer Toyo Kogyo changes its name to Mazda Motor Corporation.
Renault release the new Espace, the first MPV, designed, developed and built for them by Matra at their assembly plant in Romorontin, near Paris.
Chrysler buys AMC and takes over production of the Jeep range.
Founder of Jaguar, Sir William Lyons, dies as the company sees its reputation for quality and value return.
Volkswagen takes a 51% share in Spanish car makers SEAT.
The Ford Motor Company acquires a 75% shareholding in Aston Martin Lagonda.
The new Lincoln Continental is Ford’s first car with a six-cylinder engine and front-wheel drive.
Fiat acquires additional shares in Ferrari, taking its total shareholding to 90%.
Enzo Ferrari dies in Modena, aged 90.
British Aerospace buys Rover Group.
General Motors takes a 50% stake in Saab of Sweden.
General Motors introduces the Geo brand to market Suzuki, Isuzu, and Toyota models in the USA.
Lexus introduces its first model, the LS400.
Honda announces plans to establish European car production by expanding its existing manufacturing facilities at Swindon UK
Honda starts Civic production at its East Liberty, Ohio plant.
Ford takes over Jaguar Cars, promising to build on the unique identity and brand values of the Jaguar name.
Vickers Rolls Royce and BMW announce a joint venture company to build aero-engines – BMW Rolls-Royce GmbH.
Following Czech government approval, VW establishes a new partnership with Skoda.
The Dodge Viper is released with a steel chassis, a glass-fibre body and a 400 horsepower light-alloy V10 engine.
Maserati is bought outright by Fiat.
With development input from parent company Ford, Jaguar announces a vastly improved XJ6.
Sir David Brown, former owner of Aston-Martin Lagonda, dies aged 89.
Aston Martin introduce the DB7, with sleek, modern bodywork, strong six cylinder engines and Jaguar XJS underpinnings. Produced at a dedicated factory in Bloxham, near Banbury in Oxfordshire, it soon begins to achieve sales levels previously unheard of for any Aston Martin.
BMW buys Rover Cars from British Aerospace.
McLaren Cars, previously successful as Formula 1 racing car constructors, introduce the F1 sports supercar. Designed by Gordon Murray and Peter Stevens it features a BMW V12 engine, a top speed well in excess of 200 mph and a price in excess of £500,000.00.
The Ford Motor Company acquires the outstanding 25% interest Aston Martin Lagonda to gain complete control.
The Museum of Modern Art in New York places an early E-Type roadster on permanent display, only the third car to given this honour.
Jaguar introduces the V8 Powered XK8 as a replacement for the venerable XJS.
Vickers put Rolls-Royce Motor Cars up for sale to the highest bidder.
Ferrari takes control of Maserati, and closes the factory for a complete refit and modernisation.
VW announce the New Beetle. A modern stylised interpretation of the original, it shares its floor-pan and many mechanical components with the front-wheel drive Golf.
Rolls Royce is sold after an acrimonious bidding war between Volkswagen and BMW. The final outcome is that, while VW wins the production plant at Crewe and the Bentley brand name, BMW buys the rights to use the Rolls Royce name and announces its plan to develop a new generation of cars which will be built at its own British factory from 2003.
Chrysler and Daimler Benz merge to form Daimler-Chrysler. Initial indications are that the two businesses will remain autonomous.
Volvo sells its car-making division to Ford Motor Company but continues to manufacture trucks.
Aston Martin becomes part of Ford’s Premier Automotive Group joining Jaguar, Lincoln and Volvo, enabling it to call on a pool of expertise, financial and technical resources which would otherwise have been way beyond its reach.
Having invested considerably in the Rover Group and struggled unsuccessfully to make it pay, BMW withdraws and ‘sells’ Rover and MG to The Phoenix Group for a token £1.00. BMW retains the rights to brands Mini, Triumph, Riley and Land Rover, the last of which it then sells to Ford.
Under the ownership of BMW Rolls-Royce move production from Derby to a new, purpose built factory next to the old Grand Prix circuit at Goodwood, West Sussex.
BMW release the ‘NEW MINI’, a modern interpretation of the original Mini built at the former Morris Abingdon plant. Powered by a South-American built, Chrysler-sourced engine, it retains the original’s cheeky appeal and dynamic handling.
In the UK, a new Licence-plate numbering system is introduced.
Jaguar Cars introduce the X Type, based on an extended version of Ford’s European Mondeo floorpan with transverse engine and 4 wheel-drive.
Rolls Royce complete their new factory and commence production of the new Phantom, due for delivery to customers on the 1st January 2003.
Named after the company’s founder Enzo, Ferrari introduce the Enzo supercar. Made of carbonfibre and incorporating much else in the way of Formula 1 technology, its all-alloy, 660 bhp, V12 engine endows the Enzo with a top speed of 217.5 mph.
First customers for Rolls Royce’s New Phantom take delivery on 1st January as promised and world-wide deliveries commence.
Production of the ‘Beetle’ finally comes to an end at VW’s Puebla, plant in Mexico.
Matra’s production-line closes at Romorontin, following commercial failure of Renault’s Avantime and their decision to take Espace production in-house. Matra and its facilities are sold to Italian styling house and niche production specialists Pininfarina SpA, who rename the company Matra Automobile Engineering.
Peter Morgan, son of Morgan founder ‘HFS’ dies aged 84, leaving the business in the safe hands of his son Charles.
Now owned by Volkwagen, Bentley introduces their first all-new design. Based on VW’s large-car platform, the new Continental GT features a contemporary body (styled in-house), 4 wheel drive and an extensively re-engineered version of VW’s 6 litre W12 engine, twin-turbocharged to produce 552bhp.
Car production in the UK reaches its highest level in five years. Britain’s biennial motor show has its last event at the National Exhibition Centre before its move back to London.
More than 40 years after it was launched, the e-type Jaguar has a special exhibition devoted to it at London’s Design Museum.
Production begins on the Aston Martin Volante.
24 year old Russian multimillionaire Nikolas Smolensky purchased Blackpool based TVR for £15 million.
MG Rover -the last "traditional" British mid-sized car manufacturer goes into administration with the key assets finally being purchased by China based Nanjing Automobie Group. Thousands of jobs are lost although there is hope that small scale car manufacturing could return to the same Longbridge plant sometime in the future.
Elsewhere in the Midlands, production begins on the new Aston Martin Vantage.
Honda and the MINI brand continue to help the UK economy as both enjoy increased investment resulting in new jobs. Honda plans to add a further 700 people to its UK workforce, while the world-wide success of the MINI will result in a further 1200 jobs in manufacturing and assorted component industries.
Nissan announce that its new Qashqai car will be built at the company’s Sunderland plant, with the cars being exported across the globe, including Japan. The Qashqai is described as a crossover -effectively a passenger car with a sleek dynamic top half combined with SUV attributes of large pronounced wheel arches and slightly elevated ground clearance. In terms of its size its sits between C-segment hatchbacks and SUVs.
Lotus announces it is to produce a new mid-engined sports car which should be available in about two years time.
The 1½ millionth Honda Civic rolls of the production line at Bridgend.
TVR, the innovative Blackpool based specialist sports car company finally closes its doors after a long battle to remain in production. Owners, enthusiasts and employees meet up for a final celebration in Blackpool.
The British Motor Show returns to London after several decades in the West Midlands. The new venue is the Excel Centre on the banks of the River Thames and nearly 500,000 people attend.
The 30,000th Aston Martin is produced, while the Jaguar XK coupe wins Britain’s car of the year award and luxury car of the year awards.
The Bentley marque enjoys continued success under the parentage of Volkswagen and its newest model is the company’s fastest ever production car -the Bentley Continental GT Speed. It has a top speed of over 200 mph and can get from 0-60 mph in just 4.3 seconds. It is offered for sale in Britain at £137,500.
Manufacturers around the world put more effort and resources into designing and building more environmentally friendly vehicles as the price of oil increases and there is greater awareness of the damage that harmful pollutants are causing from traditional petrol based engined cars.
Britain’s young motor racing star Lewis Hamilton very nearly becomes the new world F1 motor racing champion in his first season -eventually being beaten in the final race. His success though reignites interest in motor sport around the world.
Ford accepts an offer by the rapidly expanding Tata Motors of India for the purchase of Land Rover and Jaguar. The Indian company say their aim is to ensure the cars will remain essentially British.
As the Model T celebrates its 100th anniversary, Ford also announces plans for a year long celebration of the iconic car around the world. One initiative is for a surviving car to be displayed in the "glass tank’ outside the Design Museum in London.
The new Roewe 550 is unveiled at the Shanghai Motor Show in China with the hope that the car may eventually be produced at the old MG Rover plant at Longbridge.
In the US, General Motors announces annual losses for 2007 of billion -the largest ever loss by a US car manufacturer and a further sign that many of the older established car makers are struggling to compete with the surge of production from Asia.
See – History of Motor Car / Automobile Inventions and Improvements
Los Angeles auto accident attorney discusses ways to get the best compensation
Los Angeles and Orange County CA are two of the busiest commercial areas not only of California but of the entire country. The number of cars that are driven in these two places is mind boggling. As a result, although no one wants it, the number of auto accidents is quite high. From minor scrapes to major injuries â physical traumas keep happening. For the best in auto accident compensation, consider a Los Angeles auto accident attorney or an Orange County auto accident lawyer.
Auto accidents can happen for many reasons. They can happen due to the fault of the injured driver, the fault of others or due to manufacturing defects. In the first case, when the accident happens as a result of the person who has been injured, then there is really no likelihood of receiving compensation. Any competent Los Angeles auto accident attorney will tell you that. Stay away from the lawyer that makes huge promises and delivers none.
In cases where an auto accident is due to the fault of someone else or due to a manufacturing defect, there is ample chance of receiving compensation. However, retaining the services of just any lawyer is not a good solution.Â Instead consider a measured approach to selecting a lawyer.
Selection of a Los Angeles auto accident attorney or an Orange County auto accident lawyer is best made by first examining their credentials, experience and web sites.Â Below are several links to important information about lawyers and how to evaluate and examine them.Â While most attorneys will say they would have handled auto cases by the dozen, and hence, their expertise is something you can count on, you need to do a bit more checking.Â Look at the web sites of the Orange County auto accident lawyer you are thinking of hiring.Â Do they have a track record of accident recovery in auto accidents?Â Do they offer information about auto accident claims?Â Are they willing to share with you the secrets they have learned about auto accident recovery and give free advice?Â Do they offer free resources for you to use to help you while you are deciding to hire an attorney? When evaluating a Los Angeles auto accident attorney, do you see their staff as assistive or helpful? Has the attorney written any books or articles on the subject of auto accidents? Is the office willing to offer you a free conversation without the pressure of hiring an attorney?Â If your answer is no, then look at the example links below.
Los Angeles auto accident attorney will have an impressive client list. You can check their profiles on the Internet and with the state bar. An other importantÂ advantage with a specialized Orange County auto accident lawyer is that they will have the resources to access all the necessary data and services you need related to the accident. For any lawyer to succeed, access to resources is very important.
Auto accidents not only cause physical trauma but psychological trauma too. It is not only the injured person who goes through the difficulties. It is the family that also goes also suffers through the process with you. For the financial and psychological security of you and your family, it is best to hire the professional services of a Los Angeles auto accident attorney or an Orange County auto accident lawyer.
2007 Pontiac Solstice #00P11305 in Fort Smith River Valley,
MBM Resources posts lower profit on auto parts shortage
PETALING JAYA: Automotive group MBM Resources Bhd (MBMR) posted a 45.6% year-on-year drop in net profit to RM21.1mil for its second quarter ended June 30 following a shortage of auto parts and the amended Hire-Purchase Act 1967 that caused disruption …
Auto Resources question by EpicRacer: where can a take a beginners course on auto mechanics?
im fresh out of high school and i need to buy a car. i am thinking of getting a car from a junkyard and fixing it up over the winter. i have some basic auto mechanic experience along with lots of resources (theres this thing called the world wide web). anyway, where can i take a course to learn about the finer details of auto repair?
Auto Resources best answer:
Answer by Ryan a lot of community colleges have auto shop classes, look into one of those and it should work out. if not there are endless resources on line if you have the gusto to learn on your own, although this can be very frustrating sometimes
Best Off Roading Vehicles for Adrenaline Junkies
Off Road Vehicles
Do you love the outdoors? Are you an adventurous person? Does driving on rugged terrains make your adrenaline rush? Then you must definitely go for a customized best off roading vehicle.
For those who do not have much idea about off roading vehicles, here is a simple description. A best off roading vehicle is any type or variety of vehicle which can be driven on as well as off a paved or gravel road, hence the name ‘off’ roading vehicle. Some of the best off road vehicle options category comprise mototractor, scout motorcycle, trail breaker motorcycle and 2 wheel drive motorcycle. Characterized by its large tires and heave look, the best off roading vehicle surely makes heads turn wherever it goes. The best off roading vehicle is also used very commonly in races, rallies and motor sports.
It is almost imperative for an adrenaline junky who loves travelling to far away places that do not have regular pitch roads to own the best off roading vehicle. You can either hire or purchase the best off roading vehicle for your expeditions. Simply get behind the wheels of the best off roading vehicle and zoom away to exciting destinations, less known to commonplace man.
A lot of people are enthusiastic about riding the best off roading vehicle. However, an important point to note if you are interested in buying or hiring the best off roading vehicle is your own personal fitness to drive the vehicle. If you wish to hire the best off roading vehicle such as a mototractor, scout motorcycle, trail breaker motorcycle or a 2 wheel drive motorcycle, you need to bear a few things in mind. First of all, you should be quite confident of driving or riding your best off roading vehicle. Because such a vehicle is designed to travel on rugged terrains, the ride can not only be bumpy but risky too. It requires a considerable amount of strength to ride or drive the best off roading vehicle. Therefore, your physical fitness should also be at its optimum before you buy the best off roading vehicle and take it to unfamiliar territory.
These very factors should also be kept in mind if you intend to hire the best off roading vehicle on a temporary basis.
Minecraft: The Trials of Romenhal | Part 1
Off-road vehicle makers pleased at exemption from lead law
Off Road Vehicles
based Polaris Industries Inc., Minnesota's largest maker of off-road vehicles. Wine and others in his industry won a three-year battle last week with final passage of a bill that exempts child-sized snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles and motorcycles …
Off Road Vehicles question by RockDude: are off road vehicles legal on the streets?
im looking forward to buy a off road motor cycle…is it street legal and?
do you need a licence to drive it on the street?
Off Road Vehicles best answer:
Answer by Sharon T Unless it is licensed, it cannot be used on the street. Some models qualify; many do not.